Dental Composite Bonding - how it works

You may have heard of the phrase"composite bonding" or "dental composite bonding". This is a special dental technique for adding tooth-coloured filling material to a tooth, in order to change the shape, the color, or the apparant position, or sometimes all three!

Say a front tooth is set back slightly from the other teeth on either side. It will look out of line, and may appear to be darker because it is slightly in shadow. One way of improving the appearance of this tooth is to move it with orthodontic braces.



An alternative way is to build out the tooth with a layer of tooth-colored material, like a false fingernail, to bring the visible surface of the tooth into line with the others.

This is called "dental composite bonding", because we are bonding a thin layer of dental composite filling material onto the tooth.

Dental Composite Bonding - What are the advantages?


  • It is quick.
  • It is inexpensive compared to orthodontics or porcelain veneers ("laminates").
  • It usually does not require a shot ( local anaesthetic).
  • Usually, there is no drilling needed on the tooth, or else very little.
  • These four advantages are all linked; you don't need a shot because there is no drilling, (normally just some surface polishing); It is relatively inexpensive because it is quick and doesn't take up much of the dentist's time, and also because the materials used are not expensive when compared to dental porcelain.

    Disadvantages?

  • The colour match may not be perfect, but is usually very good.
  • The composite bonding material is not as strong as porcelain, and may chip.
  • Also, the colour is not as stable as porcelain, and the material itself may become slightly stained over time, although this is usually minimal or non-existent if a good quality product is used.
  • You can help prevent staining building up by brushing slowly and carefully with a good-quality electric toothbrush. Have a look at my guide to The Best Electric Toothbrush

    Here are two examples of composite bonding that show how tooth shapes can be changed to make them look better.

    BEFORE

                 dental composite bonding before

    AFTER

                  dental composite bonding after

    BEFORE

                  dental composite bonding before

    AFTER

                  dental composite bonding after

    As you can see, dental composite bonding is a useful alternative to veneers or crowns to improve your smile, which is quick, painless, not expensive, and doesn't need any drilling. PERFECT!